Contents 12/2007

okładka Przemysł Spożywczy 12/2007


  • 2 The Development of Export Activities by Food-Processing Enterprises – Paweł Bryła
    • The paper aims to present methods of developing export activities by food-processing enterprises. Considerable space is devoted to the importance of European Union programmes for removing barriers to international expansion of Polish dairy, meat and fruit-and-vegetable enterprises. Factors which impede the internationalisation are discussed as well as the methods of overcoming them, which are particularly relevant to small and medium enterprises. The paper also addresses the opportunities and threats encountered by Polish food processors operating on West, Central, and East European markets.
      Key words: export activities, food processing, barriers to internationalisation, EU standards


  • 8 Acrylamide – New European Union Recommendation – Hanna Mojska
    • Acrylamide is produced during thermal processing of food, first of all in potato and cereal products as well as in coffee. With regard to its demonstrated neurotoxic, genotoxic and carcinogenic effects, acrylamide may cause human`s health risk. In May 2007 the EU Commission Recommendation on monitoring of acrylamide levels in food (2007/331/EC) was published. According to that recommendation in 2007, 2008 and 2009 Member States should control acrylamide levels in the foodstuffs and should annually provide the monitoring data to European Food Standard Agency (EFSA). After that analytical data will be evaluated the appropriate activities will be undertaken including possible decision about limitation of the acrylamide content in foods.
      Key words: acrylamide, food, monitoring, Commission recommendation


  • 14 Animal Proteins as Food Allergens – Barbara Wróblewska
    • The animal allergens constitute more than half of allergens from „Big Eight”, which are responsible for over 90% of all immediate allergic reaction (IgE-dependent) in world population. In the article the most important allergens from cow milk, eggs, fish, meat (poultry as well) and also crustacean are characterized. In Polish diet, frog and snail are also the sources of allergens but less popular, although they may be a potential health risk.
      Key words: allergy, animal allergens


  • 18 Phosphates in Food – Halina Makała, Barbara Cichy, Stanisław Folek
    • In the paper methods of edible phosphates manufacturing and trends in their application are presented. The role of edible phosphates as additives in food industry is described with particular attention to meat processing. Factors affecting activity of phosphates, their concentration in products and possibility of their application in dietetic products are described. New elaborated phosphate mixtures are characterized and the influence of the mixture addition on quality of finely comminuted products is presented.
      Key words: edible phosphates, functions, application, meat processing


  • 26 Polagra – Fair for Specialists – Danuta Chyłek


  • 36 Buckwheat – Important Raw Material in Functional Food Production – Karolina Christa, Maria Soral-Śmietana
    • Because of valuable chemical composition of buckwheat grains, buckwheat is an important material for food industry. It is used to compose functional foodstuffs. In Polish industry buckwheat grains are mainly used for production of groats. In India bread is prepared from buckwheat, whereas in China and Japan buckwheat flour is main component or addition to pasta production. Based on actual data the information is provided about proteins and polysaccharides, macrocomponents with nutritional and/or dietary functions, present in buckwheat.
      Key words: buckwheat, starch, protein, fiber


  • 38 Regional Diversity of Processing of Animal Origin Products – Robert Mroczek
    • Regional diversity of processing of animal origin products is determined by many factors. In Poland, the most evenly located are the dairy plants. Their number in a particular area mainly depends on the milk supply. Likewise, the location of the fish processing plants results from the same factors. Close to 80% of the factories of the fish sector is located in two regions of Poland, i.e. northern and north-western, which have got the access to the sea. Whereas, the location of the plants from meat and poultry sectors is significantly influenced by the population of inhabitants (potential consumers).
      Key words: region, meat processing plant, meat and milk production, meat market, milk market