Contents 7/2014

Przemysł Spożywczy 7/2014


  • 2 Application of the System for Monito¬ring of Refrigeration Installations – Magdalena Wróbel-Jędrzejewska, Paweł Kuleta, Urszula Stęplewska
    • Safety is an essential issue in the agri-food industry. Refrigeration and air conditioning are present in almost every branch of this sector. The appropriate selection of programs and systems, which are used in refrigeration installations’ monitoring, allows for effective protection of industrial, commercial and refrigeration facilities against the occurrence of dangerous refrigerant concentrations in the air, during the processing and storage of agricultural and food products. This paper describes the basic characteristics of the developed refrigerant monitoring system with necessary structural elements. The structure and function of the propane detection system, which is employed for refrigeration system protection, has been presented. The description includes also software tasks and activities that support the discussed system. The developed application for refrigeration installations’ monitoring parameters automatically activates the preventive actions. The occurred alarm situations are registered. It has been shown that this solution is verified for semi-technical cases.
      KEY WORDS: refrigeration and air conditioning systems, detection systems, propane


  • 8 Groceries for the Army – New Requirements for the Suppliers – Anna Kosmacz-Chodorowska
    • This article presents the requirements of the Polish Armed Forces in relation to the supply of products of the food industry, the application of basic GS1 standards in Automatic Data Capture (ADC) technology, and ultimately, also in Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) in the civilian and military economy. The article also shows how to combine the specific conditions of the logistics of both economies and also presents the range of tasks that are before the Polish Army and its suppliers.
      KEY WORDS: military logistics, GS1, ADC, bar codes, global standards
  • 12 Increased Functionality of Pallets for a Better Use of Warehouses – Adam Wojciechowski
    • In production and distribution of food products diverse groceries and raw materials have to be moved and stored. This requires mechanization of work and provision of proper conditions of storage. The paper presents opportunities to improve functionalities of flat pallets, which may lead to increased utilization of warehouse storage space.
      KEY WORDS: warehouse, storage, works transport, flat pallets, pallet superstructures
  • 14 Global Trends in the Food Industry Packaging – Beata Marchand
    • The most important trends to determine the action line of food packaging companies will be associated with innovation in the field of sustainable production, recycling, renewable raw materials, while taking into account the convenience of the customer and packing the processed food in individual or unit packaging. Plastics will continue displacement of glass and metal.
      KEY WORDS: packaging, sustainable production, recycling, renewable raw materials, biodegradability, active and intelligent packaging


  • 17 New Act on Packaging and Packaging Waste. Guidelines for food companies – Agnieszka Kowalska
    • The countries of the European Union were obliged to pursue an effective policy on preventing an excessive amount of packaging waste. The key legal act relating to packaging and waste management is Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament. The Polish economic practice has shown that the achievement of the objectives specified in the Directive requires changing Polish legislation. The new Act on Packaging and Packaging Waste, which came into force in January 2014, is to accelerate the implementation of the requirements of the EU Directive. The aim of the paper is to present the most important provisions contained in the new Act – significant from the point of view of food companies. Knowledge of legal regulations is essential in efficient packaging management and their consistent observance contributes to the improvement of the environment.
      KEY WORDS: Directive 94/62/EC of the European Parliament, Directive 2005/20/EC, Act of 11 May 2001 on Packaging and Packaging Waste, new Act on Packaging and Packaging Waste of 13 June 2013
  • 21 Protection of Trademark and Industrial Design. Right of Industrials Property – for Producers – Iwona Wrześniewska-Wal
    • The article shows how to secure the interests of entrepreneurs from unfair copying their designs by competitive firms. The required elements necessary for the design: novelty and individual character were indicated. From a practical point of view, it is important to verify the above conditions, which may occur as a result of opposition or in proceedings for annulment. At the same time, analysis of the proposed legislation shows entrepreneurs the possibility to choose between a trademark and industrial design.
      KEY WORDS: trade mark, industrial design, foodstuff
  • 24 „Add to Basket” in e-grocery. Sale of Food via the Internet – Legal Aspects – Paulina Żarczyńska
    • The article discusses the legal aspects of food sales via the Internet and upcoming changes in regulations in this respect. The issue of selling „at a distance” is presented in the context of civil law and the provisions of food law. Analysis of regulation of civil law refers to selling food “at the distance” and the right of withdrawal from the contract. In the field of food law the issue of the approval of establishments, consumer health and presentation of information about food was discussed.
      KEY WORDS: food sales through the Internet, e-commerce, online store, distance selling, food law, regulation No 1169/2011, the Polish Law on Consumer Rights


  • 27 Estimate the Content of HMF in Fruit Sorbets – Anna Rój, Piotr Przybyłowski
    • One of the products of the Maillard reaction is the 5-hydroxy-2- metylofurfural (HMF), active aldehyde monosaccharides, being formed during heating at a high temperature in an acidic environment. Toxicological effects of this compound on the human body are not fully understood, but in animal studies, the discussed compound caused a lot of negative health implications. This paper evaluated content of HMF in fruit sorbets. Based on the obtained results it was found that the level of HMF in fruit sorbets was low at 0.10 – 2.26 μg/100 g. Carbohydrates declared and sorbets pH showed no marked influence on the content of HMF. With regard to the literature – the amount of HMF, as contained in fruit sorbets, does not reduce the quality of the product and does not pose a risk of health safety of consumers.
      KEY WORDS: HMF, fruit sorbets
  • 29 Nanoproducts – What College Students Know About Them – Natalia Chomaniuk, Piotr Przybyłowski
    • Production of products based on nanotechnology enables to create materials of so far unknown properties. Above products are an important area of development in major modern market sectors. In the article, research results regarding level of students’ knowledge of nanotechnology and nanoproducts were presented. Made research show that educational campaign on nanotechnologies and nanoproducts would be advisable. It can be supposed that adjustment of nanoproducts’ prices to financial abilities of consumers would lead to the increase of interest in these products, enable their testing, which would cause demand for these goods.
      KEY WORDS: nanotechnology, nanoproducts, market of innovational products, knowledge of the consumer


  • 33 90 Years of the Alfa Laval Company in Poland
  • 35 Journalists in Italian Merano. Discussions about BrauBeviale – Beata Marchand
  • 36 Export of the American Nuts on the Polish Market – Beata Marchand
  • 38 Business Information