Contents 7-8/2010

Okładka "Przemysł Spożywczy" 7-8/2010


  • 16 Polish Food Industry in the Period of the World Economic Crisis – Roman Urban
    • The years 2008-2009 were a period of global crisis and the recession of most developed countries. The Polish economy was resistant to these phenomena, and there was only slow down of its development. Even less sensitive to the crisis was Polish food sector and food industry. In this industry there has been only a weakening of upward trends and transitional worsening of the results, especially of investment. In 2009, food industry achieved record financial results, but the market environment is still not very stable and uncertain. The coming years will be a period of development of this sector, but at a slower rate than in the years of integration with the European Union.
      KEY WORDS: food industry, economic crisis, production, demand, financial results
  • 22 Poland as an Exporter of Agri-Food Products in the EU Market – Janusz Rowiński, Małgorzata Bułkowska
    • The years 2004 – 2009 were a period of rapid growth in trade of agri-food products in Poland, as well as in other new Member States. The general position of new member states, as exporters of agri–food products, is on the EU market still weak. Although the share of new Member States in trade of agri-food products on the Common European Market doubled during the period 2000-2009, but still is only 10% while Polish – 4%. The potential for agri-food exports of the new Member States is not used enough. Polish food economy still has the possibilities of increased exports to the market of other Member States, and uses these possibilities systematically better and better.
      KEY WORDS: agri-food trade, trade balance, intensity of exports, Common European Market
  • 28 Dairy Industry in Poland – Problems and Perspectives – Piotr Szajner
    • Polish dairy sector still faces serious problems. The most important of them is that restructuring process has not been finalized yet followed by a low level of consumption of milk and dairy products and a significant influence of the situation on external markets on the economic situation of the domestic dairy sector. The reform of the EU dairy market regime is aimed at an abolishment of production quotas which would have a considerable impact on basic conditions within the domestic sector, particularly on the efficiency of production.
      KEY WORDS: dairy sector, milk quotas, efficiency, competitiveness, consumption, demand, supply
  • 34 Energy from Biomass and Biogas – What kind of the Investment Support in 2010 – Joanna Hejft-Wolska, Magdalena Kućma


  • 36 Non-alcoholic Beverages – New Tendencies in Production – Grażyna Jaworska, Aleksandra Olczak
    • The present article presents new trends observed in the development of the market of non-alcoholic beverages. It has been revealed that consumer interest in such beverages results not only from their role as thirst-quenching beverages but also from their especially beneficial effects on human health. Their composition is modifying, usually by supplementation with the additives improving their health-promoting properties. In the development of non-alcoholic beverages the fundamental trends may be noted towards the naturally cloudy juices, natural juices and beverages, wellness beverages reducing the body mass dedicated for athletes, and energetic drinks. Moreover, flavoured waters, teas, and beverages of both juice and milk properties are launched onto a market.
      KEY WORDS: non-alcoholic beverages, functional beverages, health-promoting components, fortification
  • 46 Shelf Life Studies – Monika Żmudzka, Romualda Dolińska, Anna Bugajewska
    • Shelf life study is one of the key issues of the food safety and quality management. Properly designed shelf life of foods affects the formation of consumers trust to the product and company in particular. The article presents general information concerning shelf life of the product, in the context of its safety and adequate quality. The types of shelf life studies were discussed in the article: direct studies (challenge tests and NHDD – non homogenous distributed defect) and accelerated studies.
      KEY WORDS: shelf life studies, direct shelf life studies, accelerated shelf life studies
  • 52 Safety of Colours for Use in Foodstuffs – Joanna Gajda-Wyrębek, Jolanta Jarecka, Katarzyna Kuźma, Martyna Mirkowska, Kazimierz Karłowski
    • Safety of the consumer is the main aim of the re-evaluation programme of food additives which has been set up by the Commission. The top priority of evaluation is given to colours, because the results of new studies have been available since the original assessment was carried out.  The re-evaluation of food additives has an effect on the food additives’ legislation. 
      KEY WORDS: food colours, safety assessment, ADI
  • 62 New Techniques of Packaging Meat and Meat Products – Marek Cierach, Agnieszka Bilicka
    • The article provides information about fast-developing technologies of packaging meat and meat products in modified atmosphere. Development in this field refers to new packaging materials, machines and technologies. Information has been given also about the changes which occur in meat and meat products stored in packages with modified atmosphere. In the article there have been characterized functions of gases in packages in MAP system. There have been also described a lot of technological novelties as far as packaging machines are concerned which were presented at this year’s IFFA 2010 trade fair in Frankfurt.
      KEY WORDS: meat, meat products, vacuum packaging, MAP


  • 68 Flexible Packaging – New Materials and Solutions Mirosław Bohdan
    • Flexible packaging from artificial materials currently constitutes the largest and the most important type of packaging by the food industry. This is likely to remain the case in the future. Developments within this impact all aspects of this packaging but will probably focus upon safety, barrier levels, durability, aesthetic properties, ease of use, biodegradability and ease of disposal. Artificial materials are likely to further push other materials such as glass and metal out of use in packaging, especially flexible packaging. The main reason for this is the relatively low cost and weight of packaging made from these materials as compared to the cost and weight of the contained items. An additional consideration is the great variety of packing that can be made from these materials, allowing all known types of food products to be contained within them.
      KEY WORDS: PE, PP, PET, PVC polymers, flexible packaging, packaging films, laminates, biodegradability
  • 76 Materials Handling Equipments and Chosen Auxiliary Equipments – Adam Wojciechowski
    • Groceries and raw materials used in food industry require transportation and storing. Currently, these tasks are mechanized. This calls for various transport and auxiliary devices, necessary for moving unit loads, and ensuring proper working conditions. The paper presents the most frequently used close transport means and auxiliary devices and their advantages and disadvantages. Some threats connected with their utilization have been pointed out.
      KEY WORDS: warehouse, storage, materials handling equipment, stacker cranes, lifts, trucks, conveyors, freight containers, pallets


  • 82 Nutrition and Health Claims – New Obligations for Food Producers – Iwona Wrześniewska-Wal
    • Food producers can place on their products only the claims or statements, which are in accordance with rule 1924/2006 concerning food statements and health claims for food and rule 2000/13 concerning labeling, presentation and food advertisement. There will be the end of some transitional periods regarding food statements and health claims in 2010. Food producers will be oblige  to use new rules.
      KEY WORDS: nutrition and health claims, food low
  • 88 The Rules of Labeling Food – Agnieszka Górecka
  • 92 Incorrect Food Advertisements – Who and How is responsible for It – Anna Ostrowska-Tomańska


  • 94 Fair’s Meetings of Polish Food Sector
  • 98 Poland – Union – World
  • 100 Business Information