Contents 6/2012

Przemysł Spożywczy 6/2012


  • 2 Polish Foreign Trade of Fruit and Vegetable Products – Anna Bugała
    • The positive balance of trade in fruit and vegetable products in 2011 increased by 21% and totalled EUR 617 million. The increase reflected rising prices in export of fruit products, in particular, of fruit juices. The volume of fruit products’ exports declined while the export volume of vegetable products in most cases increased (except for frozen vegetables). Import of fruit and vegetable products remained on the level, observed in 2010. A decline in imports was reported in the case of juices, frozen vegetables, marinates and tomato concentrate which was decreased with the increase in imports of frozen fruits, dried fruits, jams and preserved vegetables.
      KEY WORDS: fruit and vegetable products, foreign trade, export, import
  • 6 Juices, Nectars and Drinks – Market with Perspective for Development


  • 10 Marking of Juices, Nectars and Drinks in the Light of Changing Law – Wioletta Bogusz-Kaliś
    • In the article, the author presents the required information, which should be found on the labeling juices, nectars and beverages, and similar products belonging to this category, in accordance with the existing legal provisions. There are also described the coming changes in the labeling, related to the entry into force of the regulation on the provision of food information to consumers. The detailed legal requirements, which only relate to the juices and nectars have been discussed. The author presents the necessary additional in the label information depending on the appendix to the product of sugar and / or sweeteners, caffeine or liquorice. In addition, the new legal acts related to the food category have been described. The examples of improper labelling have been also presented.
      KEY WORDS: information on the label, juices, nectars, drinks, improper labeling


  • 18 What’s New on the Market of Juices, Nectars and Beverages? – Marta Mitek, Andrzej Gasik
    • Current changes in the European and domestic regulations regarding trade quality of juices and nectars are presented. Basic requirements for juices, nectars and fruit soft drinks, regarding minimal fruit (juice) content in these products are described. Polish juice and nectar market as compared with its competitors is discussed. Predominant part of Polish juice market (except orange) consists of clarified juices and nectars reproduced from concentrate (FC). Perspectives for development of juice branch in Poland thanks to increased production of turbid and mash juices as well pasteurized (ambient) as not pasteurized (chilled) are presented. Domestic super fruits are discussed as means of significant diversification of taste and dietary offer of juices, nectars and fruit soft drinks.
      KEY WORDS: juices, nectars, beverages, quality standards, technology, superfruits
  • 25 Steviol Glycosides – a New Sweetener – Katarzyna Kuźma, Joanna Gajda-Wyrębek, Jolanta Jarecka, Agnieszka Świtka
    • The Commission Regulation (EC) No 1131/2011 allowing the use of a new sweetener – steviol glycosides in food was published in November 2011. The mentioned regulation has been applied since the 2nd of December 2011. The method of steviol glycosides’ production, safety evaluation of this substance by EFSA, the technological properties and the conditions of use of E 960 in food as well as labelling of products containing steviol glycosides have been described in the article.
      KEY WORDS: steviol glycosides, sweetener, safety evaluation, labeling of foodstuffs
  • 32 Techniques of Tank Level Measurement – Marcin Iwaniuk, Dorota Nowak
    • In this paper, the review of techniques of the tank level measurement with particular emphasis on solutions applied in industry food production was shown. Systems for the continuous measurement and for the limit detection were differentiated and the classification of sensors based on its position was discussed. Principles of operation of the most common solutions were characterized, including: devices for the direct level measurement, float and displacer–driven sensors, plumb bobs, weight transducers, pressure sensors, bubblers, floating, capacitive and conductive switches, rotating paddles, vibrational, ultrasonic, optical and thermo-dispersive switches, wave-based sensors (laser, ultrasonic, microwave radar, time domain reflectometry, magnetostrictive and nuclear sensors) and vision systems. Attention was also drawn to the factors influencing the decision of potential users to purchase devices for level measurement.
      KEY WORDS: level measurement, tank, sensor
  • 35 Microbiological Food Safety Modeling – Anna Sylwia Tarczyńska, Jarosław Kowalik, Adriana Łobacz
    • Food safety management evolves in line with the global economy. Moreover, food safety assurance is a primary responsibility of each part of food chain. The most important aim is to protect health and human life. In order to implement this goal, food safety management system and public health system should be combined. It is possible thanks to risk analysis approach. Predictive microbiology is a supporting tool of this type of systems. The samples of the results of the studies on the increase of the number of Listeria monocytogenes cells in mozzarella cheese as well as a primary model by Baranyi and Roberts were also presented. It also describes the potential application of predictive microbiology in the practical actions for food safety assurance.
      KEY WORDS: food safety, predictive microbiology


  • 39 Legal Requirements of Fair Advertising – Piotr Zawadzki
    • There are many legal definitions of advertising, as well as many regulations which lay down different requirements depending on how the promotional activity is conducted, as well as its subject. Legal advertising is primarily fair advertising, i.e. advertising which is not, inter alia, contrary to the provisions of law, or good market customs, which is neither misleading, nor creates the impression of neutral information. The regulations relevant for the food industry include, among others, the law on the safety of food and nutrition, the law on the quality of agricultural products, the laws relating to alcohol and tobacco, and the pharmaceutical law. In determining whether advertising may be regarded as unfair, the case-law of the courts, as well as the statements of the industry organizations should be taken into account. A violation of the principles of fair advertising may lead to severe consequences in civil law, including liability for damages. It may also expose an entity to criminal penalties and administrative measures.
      KEY WORDS: law, advertising, unfair competition, market customs


  • 43 Business Information