Contents 5/2011

Przemysł Spożywczy 5/2011


  • 2 Breakthrough in the Activity of EC Regarding Food Additives – Joanna Gajda-Wyrębek, Jolanta Jarecka, Katarzyna Kuźma
    • In 2011, the annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council will be published. Amendments to annex II in relation to some colours, aluminium-containing food additives, new food additives and extension of use of some food additives are forthcoming. Until the end of this year, the Commission Regulation on the purity criteria of food additives should be also published.
      KEY WORDS: food additives, European Commission, amendments to legislation
  • 8 Novel Food Ingredients – Review of Commission Decisions. Part I – Wioletta Bogusz-Kaliś
    • The European Commission, following the safety assessment as referred to in Regulation No 258/97 concerning novel foods and novel food ingredients, issues a decision, authorizing the placing on the market of novel foods or novel food ingredients, or refusals. So-far, been 50 decisions were issued, which allow the marketing of 33 new food ingredients and approve a new process technology. The decisions have not released 3 new ingredients. In the first part of the article, there is a discussion of the first group of components that were the subject of the work of the European Commission under the Regulation No. 258/97. The other ones will be discussed in the next issue of “Food Industry”.
      KEY WORDS: novel food, new food ingredients, Commission Decisions


  • 14 Functional Food – What does It Mean Today? – Krzysztof Krygier
  • 18 Salt Intake – the Recommendations and the Programs of WHO and EU – Iwona Traczyk, Mirosław Jarosz


  • 22 Yeast extracts – flavours- – Elżbieta Dłużewska, Anna Florowska
    • The objective of this article was to characterize the yeast extracts, their commercial forms, the possibilities of their production and the impact of autolysis parameters (applied temperature and pH, type of used stocks) on the properties and composition of the yeast extract. In the article, there were also described the nucleotides – guanosine 5’-monophosphate (GMP), inosine 5’- monophosphate (IMP), being contained in the extracts as flavor enhancers, having the taste of umami, and allowing either to replace or limit the use of monosodium glutamate. The legal aspects of yeast extract were presented.
      KEY WORDS: yeast extracts, autolysis, umami
  • 28 Palm Oil Production and Responsibility for Natural Environment – Agnieszka Górecka
  • 32 High Intensity Sweeteners in Food – Katarzyna Świąder, Bożena Waszkiewicz-Robak, Franciszek Świderski
    • The functional properties of high intensity sweeteners authorized in Poland such as: acesulfame K, aspartame, aspartame and acesulfame salts, cyclamate and its salts, neohesperedin DC, neotame, saccharin and its salts, sucralose and thaumatin were described. The data on the safety of these substances and the possibilities of their use in food industry were presented.
      KEY WORDS: high intensity sweeteners, safety, functional properties
  • 40 Oil-in-Water Food Emulsions – Application and the Methods for Increase of Their Stability – Grażyna Bortnowska
    • The oil-in-water emulsions belong to the very dynamic developing food products intended for direct consumption or application in manufacture of more complex structures. Currently, in their production, we employ emulsifiers and thickeners of new generation, which exhibit specific technological and functional properties as well as allow obtaining considerable improvement of the dispersion stability.
      KEY WORDS: food emulsion o/w, stability, emulsifiers, thickeners


  • 44 China – Important Polish Partner in Foreign Food Trade – Mirosława Tereszczuk
    • In the recent years, China has become one of the most important markets of the world. Gradual opening of the Chinese economy on the turn of seventies and eighties of the XIX c. was accompanied by a growing interest of foreign investors, who invested there billions of dollars, contributing to the process of extremely fast economic development of this country. In this way, China became one of the biggest recipients of foreign investments, and the the foreign commodity exchange of this country has been increasing with from the year to the year. China is an important commercial partner of Poland. Import of the commodities from China to Poland has been constantly increasing every year, with the maintained negative trade balance. Turnover of agro-food products during the recent years has grown three-and-half times from 124 million USD in 2000 to the 440 million USD in 2010 due to the dynamically growing import (from 120 to 403 million USD). Poland is a net importer of agro-food products from China.
      KEY WORDS: China, trade exchange, import, export, agro-food products
  • 47 Salty and Spicy Snacks on Polish and World Market – Tomasz Krzywiński, Grzegorz Tokarczyk
    • The Poles’ passion to salty and spicy snack is incessantly increasing. Potato chips, sticks, crunchy and crackers have many followers and loyal customers. This market is still undergoing changes, which is, to a large extent, associated with the changing lifestyle of Polish consumers. In 1996, one eagerly reached for the salt sticks and since 1998, it included potato chips and so it has remained until today. Currently, everybody may find something for himself on the shop shelves, both in terms of taste, type, packaging or product weight.
      KEY WORDS: Market value, salty and spicy snacks, snacks’ consumption


  • 52 Poland- Union -World