Contents 11/2018; tome 72

ECONOMY

  • 2 Food self-sufficiency of Poland and other countries of EU – Mariola Kwasek (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.1)
    • Food self-sufficiency is an important element of food. EU-28 is characterized by a very different ratio of food self-sufficiency. Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Denmark, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Estonia, Lithuania and Germany have reached a very high level  of food self-sufficiency in the most of the sectors. The EU region remains  the main producer of food, but it is  also an importer of food.  Poland has achieved a high ratio of food self-sufficiency in the sector of: bovine meat, poultry meat, milk, fruits, sugar, vegetables, cereals and potatoes. The Polish agri-food sector has a chance to become one of the main food exporters on the EU market and other countries in the world. The strategic development directions for Polish agriculture and the food industry should be: production of bovine meat, poultry meat, milk, fruits, vegetables, sugar, cereals and potatoes.
      KEY WORDS: food security, food self- -sufficiency, EU
  • 8 The 9th Framework Programme of the European Union ”Horizon Europe” – Eugeniusz Karol Chyłek, Dominika Bagińska-Chyłek, Artur Break (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.2)
    • Strengthening innovation and  competitiveness of the European  Union economy, including business, science and business close-up, as  well as sustainable economic growth are the key objectives set by the European Commission. Under the process  of building innovative, competitive economy that is based on the wise use of natural resources, entrepreneur needs to benefit from the cooperation with the science and research institutions (no matter public or private ones).  The primary purpose of the documents prepared by the European Commission – COM (2018) 435 and COM (2018) 436 – is to define the rules for the  implementation of the  9th EU framework programme of re- search and innovation for the period 2021-2027 „Horizon Europe”. The arti- cle presents the key operational objectives and financial resources planned for the programme implementation.
      KEY WORDS: multiannual financial framework, European Union, Horizon Europe – framework programme
  • 14 Seafood Market in EU – Future – Piotr J. Bykowski (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.3)
    • A forecasting model on the development of the fisheries sector till the year 2030 as developed by FAO, anticipates the growth of global consumption of seafood to a level of 21.5 kg per person. The key factors ensuring the growth will include dynamically developing aquaculture as well as  the introduction of sustainable  fishery and other pro-environment activities.
      KEY WORDS: seafood market,  consumption, prognosis

TECHNICS – TECHNOLOGY

  • 19 How to increase the application of beta-glucan in the food industry? – Marcin Kurek, Małgorzata Moczkowska, Sabina Karp
  • 20 Implementation of the Requirements of the BRC Standard in a Animal Feed Producing Plant – Katarzyna Michalska, Jolanta Kowalska (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.4)
    • The condition of pets and their health depends on the composition of feed, nutritional value as well as quality.  The management systems are one of the tools, supporting the production of food of reproducible quality being also safe in health respect.  The aim of this work was to develop a schedule to adapt the production of pet food to the guidelines of the  BRC v. 7 standard at Ares Bracia Maciołek company. The scope of work included familiarization with the  BRC v. 7 standard, evaluation of the applicable documentation in the analyzed plant, verification of the animal feed production process and preparation of a schedule for implementing the BRC standard v. 7 guidelines.
      KEY WORDS: BRC, pet food, quality, safety
  • 24 Mobile App in Management of the Gluten-Free Diet – Aleksandra Grabowicz, Grażyna Czaja-Bulsa (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.5)
    • The only treatment available for celiac disease and other gluten-related disorders remains a lifelong gluten-free diet. Knowledge of the gluten content in foods is one of the crucial factors for dietary compliance which helps prevent future complications related to gluten consumption. In order to help patients cope with the burdens of the gluten-free diet, a mobile app was created. The bezGlutenu mobile app (Polish “Gluten-Free”) is the first mobile app in Poland serving as a database of every product licensed with the Crossed Grain symbol available on the Polish Market. This mobile app can help patients with the management of the gluten-free diet.
      KEY WORDS: gluten-free diet; celiac disease; mobile apps

FOOD – FEEDING

  • 26 Milk Products – the Most Frequent Microbiological Hazards – Elżbieta Maćkiw, Joanna Kowalska, Katarzyna Kucharek, Monika Stasiak, Jacek Postupolski (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.6)
    • Milk and dairy products are an important source of easily absorbable calcium, high value protein as well as vitamins. Microbiological contamination, as occurring in the dairy products,  especially pathogenic microorganisms poses a threat to human life and health. Pathogens present in milk may be caused by primary or secondary contamination associated with the bad state of animal health, milking hygiene, transport conditions of the raw material and the conditions for processing and production of dairy products. Microbiological hazards in milk and milk products  are mainly associated with the  occurrence of pathogens  such as: Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli (STEC), Campylobacter spp., Bacillus cereus and Cronobacter sakazakii.
      KEY WORDS: milk and milk products, safety criteria, microbiological contamination, pathogens
  • 30 HMO, Human Milk Oligosaccharides – Małgorzata Ziarno, Dorota Zaręba (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.7)
    • Human milk contains many complex proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and other biologically active ingredients, whose quantitative and qualitative composition is the result of millions of years of evolution. The oligosaccharides are most important component of human milk, just after lactose and lipids. These components have various important nutritional and health roles, influencing the composition and  activity of the microflora that colonizes the digestive tract, as well as stimulat- ing both the development of the brain  and immune system of the child and preventing infections. The scienti- fic evidence of the positive properties  of HMO, the developed technologies  for their synthesis on an industrial  scale, as well as the positive opi- nions of EFSA and FDA have made  the food industry become interested in these substances as food additives not only to foods intended for newborns and infants, but also functional foods designed to other consumers.
      KEY WORDS: milk, prebiotics, 2’-fucosyllactose,  lacto-N-neotetraose
  • 34 DASH diet – the best diet in hypertension – Aleksandra Cichocka (DOI 10.15199/65.2018.11.8)
    • The Polish Society for Arterial Hypertension (PTNT) stresses that „non-pharmacological treatment is an indispensable element in the treatment of hypertension and should be implemented on the first medical visit in all patients with suspected hypertension, including those with high normal pressure”. The scientific world has recognized the DASH diet as the most effective diet for hypertension.  For 7 years it has been ranked first as the healthiest diet in a ranking prepared by eminent experts from around the world in the field of medicine and dietetics, as published on U.S. News & World Report’s online platform.  The DASH diet contains a lot of vegetables, fruits, and low-fat dairy products; stresses wholegrain cereal products and vegetable fats; and includes fish, poultry, and nuts, while limiting salt, red meat, sweets, and drinks containing sugar.
      KEY WORDS: DASH diet, diet in hypertension, National Centre of Nutritional Education, best diet rankings

LOGISTIC-PACKAGING

  • 38 CROSS, or the method for consumer boredom – Jakub Śwircz
  • 40 Labelling of natural packaging – Viktor Puzakov